The laws and ordinances that apply to owners around Franklin Pierce Lake are at the State and Town level.  Since our lake is located in the towns of Hillsborough and Antrim local ordances will apply to owners in those towns.

 

The State of New Hampshire has a Comprehensive Shoreland Protection Act (CSPA) that "establishes minimum standards for activities within the Protected Shoreland that are designed to protect the water quality of the state’s larger water bodies and to fulfill the state’s role as trustee of those waters.  Please visit their website for more information.

 

The Town of Antrim has two zoning ordinances that apply to lake owners in Antrim.

The first is called Article VIII that defines a Lakefront Residential District.  This ordinance "is intended to protect certain ponds and lakes from excessive density and development with particular emphasis on: (1) protecting the water quality and adjacent shorelines of these lakes and ponds, and (2) maintaining and/or ensuring the privacy and tranquillity of those residents who own shoreline or waterfront property. The following lakes and ponds are included in this district: Gregg Lake, Franklin Pierce Lake, Willard Pond, Steele’s Pond, Rye Pond, and Campbell Pond."

The second is called Article XI and defines The Wetlands District.  It " is intended to protect the public health, safety, general welfare and property. This ordinance section for wetlands is intended:

 

  1. To be a guide in the use of wetlands in Antrim,
  2. To aid in the protection of persons and property from the danger of floods by preserving natural floodwater storage areas,
  3. To encourage those uses that can appropriately and safely be located in wetlands areas.

 

The Town of Hillsborough has zoning ordinances that are on their website in the section called Town Codes.  The relevant Articles and Tables have been copied and included below.

 

§ 229-10.  Stream and shoreline protection.

No building shall be located within 75 feet of the average mean high water level of any lake, pond or stream with a normal year-round flow. Boathouses are exempt from this provision. See Chapter 160 for the special two-hundred-foot setback from Loon Pond, and see § 229-36, Waterfront development, of this chapter, for additional regulations applicable to lots on lakes and ponds.

§ 229-36.  Waterfront development. 

A.  Purpose. The purpose of this section is to provide guidelines for the development of lakefront and backland with access to lakes and ponds so as to prevent overcrowding, to protect the shoreline and water quality and to control the granting of easements by waterfront lot owners for the purpose of access to water frontage. 

B.  Standards for waterfront development. Rights to gain access to a water body through or by means of any waterfront land in the Town of Hillsborough shall not be created or attached to any real estate, except in accordance with the standards set forth below and subject to Planning Board approval. Any owner granting rights for waterfront use and access shall comply with the following standards: 

(1)   There shall be a minimum frontage on the water of 50 feet per dwelling unit or per lot, whichever is more stringent. 

(2)   There shall be provided 400 square feet of beach area per dwelling unit or per lot, whichever is more stringent. 

(3)   Parking area in addition to the beach area shall be provided on the basis of 200 square feet for each dwelling unit planned. 

(4)   Docks may be permitted on the basis of one slip per 15 feet of shoreline.   

C.  Setbacks from shoreline. As required by § 229-10, no building shall be located within 75 feet of the shoreline, i.e., average mean high water level. 

D.  Loon Pond. Development on Loon Pond shall comply with the special two-hundred-foot protective setback established by Chapter 160 of the Code of the Town of Hillsborough.

 

Table 1

Lot Area and Frontage Requirements

Rural District

Town of Hillsborough

 

Type of Use

(for each building)

Minimum Frontage

(feet)

Minimum Lot Size

(acres)

     

  Single-dwelling units

200

2

  Two-dwelling units

200

2

  Three-dwelling units

200

3

  Four-dwelling units

200

3

  Commercial uses

200

2

  Other uses1

200

2

     

Lake Lots2

   

  Single-dwelling units

100

1

  Two-dwelling units

100

1

  Three-dwelling units

150

2

  Four-dwelling units

200

3

  

 

NOTES:

1 Other uses include rooming house with owner or agent in residence, residential use with home sales or professional office, church, school, etc.

2 For lake lots, the front of the lot is towards the lake, and the front setback is measured from the average mean high water level.

 

Table 3

Setback and Coverage Requirements

Town of Hillsborough

 

 

 

Minimum Setbacks

Maximum Coverage (percent)

District and Type of Use

Front

(feet)

Side

(feet)

Rear

(feet)

Residential, Village Residential, Lower Village Residential and Commercial Districts

       

     Dwellings

30

15

20

25

     Commercial Uses

50

20

25

30

     Other uses1

50

20

25

30

Rural District

       

     Dwellings

30

25

50

25

     Commercial Uses

50

25

50

30

     Other uses1

50

25

50

30

     Lake Lots 2

75

25

25

20

         

 

NOTES:

1 Other uses include rooming house with owner or agent in residence, residential use with home sales or professional office, church, school, etc.

2 For lake lots, the front of the lot is towards the lake and the front setback is measured from the average mean high water level.